What type of diet is recommended for people with hypertension?
The types of diets necessary to lower blood pressure are those that contain foods that do not use salt for preservation (usually canned and processed foods) and, of course, do not add much salt or avoid it in the rest of the foods. As for natural products to lower blood pressure, we can include garlic, spinach, avocado, salmon, raw almonds, among others.
What is the definition of blood pressure and how is it measured?
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by our circulatory system, that is, the blood circulating through our arteries and veins, pumped from the heart to reach the rest of the body. When this pressure exceeds certain limits (Systolic blood pressure above 140 and diastolic blood pressure above 90), we have high blood pressure. To measure blood pressure efficiently, we use a sphygmomanometer or more commonly known as a blood pressure monitor.
What types of exercises are safe and beneficial for people with hypertension?
Before determining the type of exercise that is beneficial for people with hypertension, it is important to note that the first week of training should be controlled, with the goal of determining the acute post-training effect, that is, whether it increases or not tension levels. That said,
Is it better to perform aerobic or anaerobic exercises? The truth is that a combination of both is best. In the case of strength exercises, the load should not exceed 50% of the maximum load, in which the individual can perform between 12 and 14 repetitions without a problem, exhaling the air in both the eccentric and concentric phases (Do not hold your breath).
Additionally, it is recommended to avoid exercises where you lift the bar above your head. Regarding aerobic work, it is important not to raise the heart to high pulsations but to be able to perform continuous running at 50-60% of the capacity of our heart.
What is secondary arterial hypertension and what are its common causes?
Secondary arterial hypertension accounts for 5%-10% of cases. It is caused by a different medical condition. Causes may include: Chronic kidney disease, renal-vascular disease, among others.
What are the common symptoms of hypertension and when should I be concerned?
The problem with high blood pressure is that it initially does not show any symptoms, which is why it is called "The silent killer." Therefore, it is recommended to monitor blood pressure. Typically, the most common initial symptoms of high blood pressure are: Headache, ringing in the ears, blurred vision, dizziness, or palpitations. In case of experiencing these symptoms and having high blood pressure, we should see a doctor before organic damage, angina pectoris, or a heart attack occurs.